Australian Red Cross Flag – Update

On December 11th I published a blog article describing a Red Cross flag that belonged to the 3rd Field Ambulance of the Australian Imperial Force. New information has come to light which I’m eager to share with you. I feel the case for this being “the Red Cross flag flying over C Section’s collection post” at Anzac Cove is stronger now than it was before. I would be very interested to hear the opinions of other WW1 researchers.

The Body Snatchers by Sue & Ron Austin Slouch Hat Publications

The Body Snatchers
by Sue & Ron Austin
Slouch Hat Publications

The first piece of new information was obtained from the book “The Body Snatchers: The History Of The 3rd Field Ambulance by Sue and Ron Austin (Slouch Hat Publications). Remarkably the authors included this tantalizing fact when referring to the Red Cross flag that was seen flying over C Section’s dressing station:

“This flag was kept throughout the war by Private AD Kemp, but in early 1918, he sent it to the former OC of the stretcher bearers, Douglas McWhae, as a keepsake of the Gallipoli Landing”

My attention now turned to the signature on the flag which I had difficulty reading due to numerous small holes. Could the signature be that of AD Kemp? The book includes a nominal roll which states his service number was 170A.

I returned to the National Archives of Australia to search for his service record which I knew would contain an example of his signature. Although AD Kemp was a Private in April 1915 he finished the war as a Lieutenant. This complicated the search slightly but it wasn’t long before I found the service record for Arnold Doyle Kemp. Here is a link to his service record on the Mapping the Anzacs website – thank you David Underdown for passing along this suggestion! Page 9 of his service record, a letter signed by Kemp in 1928, provided an excellent example of his signature which I’ve superimposed next to the signature on the flag:


Could the signature on this flag be that of “AD Kemp”?

I believe the signature could be that of “AD Kemp”. The shape of the “A” and “D” is a reasonable match and after examining the flag with a magnifying glass I can confirm that what appears to be a dot above an “i” after the “K” is in fact a hole. There are still some questions in my mind about the length of the surname and the shape of the “p” but overall I feel this could be Kemp’s signature.

I’ve contacted the authors of “The Body Snatchers” in the hope that they can confirm if the whereabouts of the flag is known. Obviously this speculation will be unnecessary if the flag already resides in a museum or private collection elsewhere.

To date the story of this flag has attracted very little attention but perhaps this new information will pique the curiosity of other WW1 researchers, especially those interested in Anzac history.

6 replies

    • Thank you David! I’ve updated the post to include the persistent URL. I’m also going to have a look at Brad Headland’s tweet later today. Cheers, Steve

  1. Hello

    The flag is an important piece of Australian history that belongs in an Australian museum, not an overseas collection. If the flag is located in a private collection and the funds cannot be secured to purchase it, then the collector should be asked to leave it (in his will) to the Australian museum upon his death. At least this way the flag will eventually be returned to Australia. Cheers

  2. Hi
    Arnold Doyle Kemp is my grandfather. He was my mother’s dad. He died in 1950. That is definitelt his signature. If you have any questions you can contact me be email and i will endeavour to help. Would be interested in any information you have. Thanking you in anticipation.
    Jennifer Bonny (nee Dalglish and formerly Beard)

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